What does dyslexia look like?
Dyslexia differs from person to person in terms of signs and severity but those with dyslexia often have difficulties in the following areas:
- Reading accuracy
- Spelling accuracy
- Fluent reading
- Reading comprehension
- Written expression
- Following and remembering verbal instructions
- Giving clear verbal explanations
- Working under pressure of time
- Organisational skills
- Short-term memory
As you can see, weaknesses related to dyslexia are not restricted to literacy skills.
What is dyslexia?
- Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling.
- Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed.
- Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.
- It is best thought of as a continuum, not a distinct category, and there are no clear cut-off points.
- Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not, by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
- A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention.
(Source – Rose Review, Identifying and teaching children and young people with dyslexia and literacy difficulties, 2009)
What does an assessment involve?
- A questionnaire is completed before the assessment to gather information about a client’s background, current situation and strengths and weaknesses.
- This information is discussed in more detail during the assessment.
- Cognitive abilities and literacy skills are assessed.
- It is usually possible to determine whether a client is dyslexic on the day of an assessment.
- A detailed report is produced explaining the findings of the assessment and providing recommendations.
Further information about dyslexia is available from the British Dyslexia Association.